Upper West Side Landmarks and Historic Districts

Upper West Side Landmarks and Historic Districts

Click on the markers to learn more about Individual Landmarks (yellow) and sites on LW’s Wish List of landmark designation priorities (red).

Historic Districts are marked by the shaded areas on the map (lighter areas indicate buildings calendared and heard by the NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission, but not designated).  Zoom in for more detail.  Click on the shaded areas to see Historic District names, and scroll down for more information on each.

 

 

Click on the boxes below to learn about the Historic Districts.

 

Central Park West – 76th Street Historic District

1973

This was one of the first areas of the Upper West Side to receive landmark protection. Rowhouse construction began on 76th Street in 1887;  by 1900, 44 had been built in the district. The district retains examples of four building types common to the Upper West Side at the turn-of-the-century: A Beaux-Arts style apartment house, the Kenilworth (1906-08); the neo-Gothic Church of the Divine Paternity (now Fourth Universalist Society (1897-98)); the Classical Revival New-York Historical Society (1903-08 & 1937-38); and an artist’s residence, the Studio Building (1907-09) at 44 West 77th Street.  This new building form consisted of two-story artist’s studios and residential units.

Boundaries

Central Park West
West Side: 151-170

West 76th Street
North Side: 1-51
South Side: 2-56

West 77th Street
South Side: 44-48

Central Park West – West 73rd-74th Streets Historic District

1977

This square block contains some of the finest residential design on the Upper West Side. The earliest buildings in the district are 18 rowhouses on 73rd St., which survive from a row of 28 designed by Henry J. Hardenbergh in 1882-85 for Edward Clark. Their style is compatible with the nearby Dakota Apartments (1880-84) also designed by Hardenbergh for Clark. Clark’s grandson, developed much of 74th St. (1902-04) with a long row of neo-Georgian houses. In 1902 the Clarks sold the Central Park West frontage and the elegant, Beaux-Arts detailed Langham Apartments (1904-07) was erected.

Boundaries

Central Park West
West Side:  135

Columbus Avenue
East Side: 261-275

West 73rd Street

North Side: 1-67

West 74th Street
South Side: 2-54

Manhattan Avenue Historic District

2007

This quiet neighborhood enclave west of Central Park West is characterized by brick and stone rowhouses featuring terra-cotta trim, fine ironwork, intact stoops, elaborate cornices, gargoyles and sunburst motifs.  Development of the proposed district began in 1885, was completed by 1890 and features the work of prominent New York architects, including E.L. Angell, J.M. Dunn and C.P.H. Gilbert.

Boundaries

Manhattan Avenue
East Side: 120-140
West Side: 101-137

West 104th Street

North Side: 51

West 105th Street

North Side: 19-51

West 106th Street
South Side: 34-44

Riverside Drive – West 105th Street Historic District

1973

This small district consists of residences erected between 1899-1902.  The cohesiveness of the district’s rowhouses and townhouses is due to the brief construction span; the use of English basements and common materials, predominantly limestone; the exuberant Beaux-Arts detail; and restrictive covenants. These covenants, requiring buildings of “suitable character” to benefit the neighborhood, limited construction to single-family houses and encouraged the use of architectural detail and high quality materials.

Boundaries

West 105th Street
North Side: 301-321
South Side: 302-320

West 106th Street
South Side: 322

Riverside Drive – West 80th-81st Streets Historic District

1985

This district illustrates the early residential development of the Upper West Side’s West End section. In 1891 Charles Israels designed a row of five houses for 81st St. in a style combining Romanesque Revival and neo-Renaissance elements. Two years later, he designed a row for 80th St. At the end of the 1890s another wave of rowhouse construction brought several grand townhouses on and adjacent to Riverside Drive by the architect/developer Clarence True. About the same time, three modest French flats went up on 80th St. And finally in 1926, one of True’s houses was demolished and replaced by a 19-story neo-Classical apartment building.

Boundaries

Riverside Drive
East Side: 74-86

West 80th Street
North Side: 303-323
South Side: 306-326

West 81st Street
South Side: 304-320

Riverside Drive-West End Historic District

1989

Because it was located at a distance from the Elevated on Columbus Ave., the West End area developed somewhat later than areas nearer Central Park. Development in this district began in earnest in 1887, with speculative rowhouses rising along West End Ave. and the side streets for the next ten years. Early in the 20th century, elegant apartment houses such as the Evanston (1910) and the Chautauqua (1911) began to arrive, many replacing the earlier rowhouses.  After 1920 the truly important apartment houses came to Riverside Drive culminating in The Normandy (1939).

Boundaries

Riverside Drive
East Side: 130-227

West End Avenue
East Side: 560-698
West Side: 561-697

West 87th Street
North Side: 277-355
South Side: 302-346

West 88th Street
North Side: 257-355
South Side: 254-350

West 89th Street
North Side: 275-347
South Side: 262-348

West 90th Street
North Side: 259-325
South Side: 272-326

West 91st Street
North Side: 253-315
South Side: 258-320

West 92nd Street
North Side: 257-321
South Side: 254-314

West 93rd Street

North Side: 253-325
South Side: 254-316

West 94th Street
North Side: 321
South Side: 276-300, 316

Upper West Side – Central Park West Historic District

1990

The district evokes the distinctive qualities of the Upper West Side, from its powerful iconography of twin towers along Central Park West to its active commerce along Columbus Ave. to its residential side streets. The district is defined by a large concentration of architecturally significant buildings erected during the fifty years between the opening of the Ninth Avenue Elevated in 1879 (along what is now Columbus Ave.) and the Great Depression. During this period of rampant speculative development, hundreds of rowhouses were built on the side streets between Central Park West and Amsterdam Ave., while French flats and tenements were constructed along Amsterdam and Columbus Ave. and on the adjoining streets. A few grand apartment houses were built early in this period, but most date to the turn of the century when the neighborhood’s great Beaux-Arts buildings were erected. In the 1920s, many large apartment houses and apartment hotels were built with Central Park West’s twin tower buildings appearing at the end of the decade and into the early 1930s. Through this entire span of development, important institutions – museums, churches and synagogues – made their way to the residential mix

See Map for boundaries.

New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission Designation Report

Volume I
Volume II
Volume III
Volume IVa
Volume IVb

West 71st Street Historic District

1989

This small district sitting on a quiet cul-de-sac features 33 rowhouses built in six groups between 1893 and 1896, a single townhouse (1903-04), and an apartment building (1924).   The block’s cohesive quality comes from the uniform use of Renaissance-inspired detail on the rowhouses.

Boundaries

West 71st Street
North Side: 305-351
South Side: 310-340

West End – Collegiate Historic District

1984

Named for the nearby West End Collegiate Church at 77th and West End Ave., this district consists primarily of speculative rowhouses built in the last 15 years of the 19th century by some of the city’s most talented rowhouse architects, including C.P.H. Gilbert, Lamb & Rich and Clarence True. They created blocks with a blend of Italian, French, Flemish Renaissance and other stylistic forms. In the first decades of this century several apartment houses were built in the district reflecting the decline in rowhouse construction as land values rose and apartment living became socially acceptable for affluent New Yorkers.

Boundaries

Riverside Drive
East Side: 22-46

West End Avenue
East Side: 340-358
West Side: 325-389

West 74th Street

North Side: 303 – 323

West 75th Street
North Side: 301-329
South Side: 316-322

West 76th Street
North Side: 243-337
South Side: 300-330

West 77th Street
North Side: 301-321
South Side: 262-338

West 78th Street
North Side: 303-315
South Side: 302-322

Map 2010

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