412 West End Avenue, AKA 252-256 West 80th Street

412 West End Avenue


Date: 1898-1900

NB Number: NB 596-1898

Type:  Flats

Architect:  Andersen, Henry

Developer/Owner/Builder: John Westervelt

NYC Landmarks Designation:  Historic District

Landmark Designation Report: Riverside Drive – West End Historic District Extension I

National Register Designation: N/A

Primary Style:  Beaux-Arts

Primary Facade:   Buff Roman Brick, Indiana Limestone, and Terra Cotta

Stories: 8

Window Type/Material: See Structure

Structure:  Significant Architectural Features: Two story basket arch with quoins and cartouche; windows above entrance separated by round arched panel with rosette; bas-relief spandrels and lintels with cartouches at first and second stories; bracketed balcony at third story; bracketed sill course at fourth story; windows at third story with keyed surrounds and elaborate keystones; windows at fourth through seventh stories with full surrounds, broken pediments at sixth story; balcony with brackets and metal railing at seventh story; windows at eighth story with elaborate consoles; projecting cornice; Special Windows: Round arched window openings over entrance; Decorative Metal Work: Balcony railings; window guards; fire escape

Site Features: Metal grilles in sidewalk; possibly historic metal fence on stone or concrete curb on West 80th Street; metal wall with door and razor wire at service alley

Notable History and Residents: Among the early residents was the architect James L. Burley, who later, in partnership with Theodore C. Visscher, designed many of the buildings on the campus of Lehigh University.

West Facade: Designed (historic) Stoop: Painted Porch(es): Removed Door(s): Replaced primary door Windows: Replaced (upper stories); replaced (basement) Security Grilles: Possibly historic (basement) Cornice: Original Sidewalk Material(s): Concrete Curb Material(s): Stone; concrete with metal nosing at corner

South Facade: Not designed (historic) (partially visible) Facade Notes: Brick; segmental-arched fenestration; upper story parged; windows replaced, two in basement infilled; possibly historic grilles at basement; fire escape

North Facade: Designed (historic) Facade Notes: Basement stone; possibly historic fire escape, balconies enlarged at fourth, seventh and eighth stories; basement windows mixed, some possibly historic wood sash (altered), others replaced, one with louvered vent; possibly historic grilles in basement; possibly historic metal door in basement; fuel pipe and siamese hydrant; historic fence and gate on stone curb; windows replaced; some historic window guards removed; part of column and third story stringcourse missing at northeast corner

East Facade: Not designed (historic) (partially visible) Facade Notes: Brick; segmental arched windows; fire escape; partially parged; metal chimney; water tank

Historic District: Riverside Drive-West End HD Extension I

Alterations: Porch removed; entrance altered; two windows in basement infilled; lights

References: LPC, Architects files; U. S. Census records, 1910.



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