856 West End Avenue

856 West End Avenue


Date: 1892-93

NB Number: NB 785-1892

Borough of Manhattan Tax Map Information: Block 1873, Lot 62

Type:  Rowhouse

Architect:  Schneider & Herter

Developer/Owner/Builder: Schneider & Company

NYC Landmarks Designation:  Historic District

Landmark Designation Report:  Riverside Drive– West End Historic District Extension II

National Register Designation: N/A

Primary Style:  Queen Anne and Romanesque Revival

Primary Facade:   Brownstone

Stories: 3 and basement

Historic District: Riverside-West End Historic District Extension II

Special Windows: Stained-glass transoms

Significant Architectural Features: Rough-faced rustication at basement; recessed basement windows; recessed entrance at first story with historic double-leaf door and stained-glass transom; segmental-arched double window with engaged colonette in mullion and stained-glass transoms, columns with stylized capitals and rough-faced voussoirs at first story; balustraded balcony with lion head corbel, recessed door, segmental-arched window, and columns with carved capitals at second story; balcony, segmental-arched triple window with door, engaged columns in mullions and rough-faced voussoirs at third story; gable with finial and chimney with rough-faced banding; pressed metal band at dormer and roof ridge; mansard roof; blind dormer

Alterations: Entrance altered; sash replaced at first story; intercom; postal release box; light; house numbers replaced; leader partially replaced; remote utility meter

Building Notes: Stoop removed prior to 1939-40 tax photograph. The entrance was altered prior to designation

Site Features: Goose neck pipe

Notable History and Residents: This house is one of an intact group of four residences located at 854, 856 and 858 West End Avenue and 254 West 102nd Street (all designated New York City individual landmarks). The group is the sole surviving example of a type of site planning used on several corner plots along West End Avenue in the early 1890s, where a group of houses facing the Avenue featured a prominent corner house and an additional house was built facing the side street behind. Reference(s): LPC, 856 West End Avenue House Designation Report (LP-1620) (New York: City of New York, 1990) by Betsy Bradley.

West Facade: Designed (historic, painted, resurfaced, patched)
Stoop: Removed
Door(s): Replaced primary door; historic (first story); replaced prior to designation (second story); possibly historic (third story)
Windows: Mixed (upper stories); possibly historic (basement)
Security Grilles: Historic (basement)
Roof: Historic (pitched – sheet metal)
Notable Roof Features: Mansard; gable; dormer
Cornice: Historic
Sidewalk Material(s): Concrete
Curb Material(s): Stone

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