344 West 89th Street

344 West 89th Street

 

Date: 1895-96

NB Number: NB 798-1895

Type:  Rowhouse

Architect:  Thom & Wilson

Developer/Owner/Builder: J T & J A Farley

Row Configuration: ABBBA

NYC Landmarks Designation:  Historic District

Landmark Designation Report: Riverside Drive- West End Historic District

National Register Designation: N/A

Primary Style:  Renaissance Revival

Primary Facade:   tan brick

Stories: 4

Window Type/Material: See structure

Basement Type: Raised

Stoop Type: Straight

Structure:  These five four story three bay tan brick houses on raised white sandstone basements were designed as a unified row with the three center houses (identical except for stoop and parlor story entrance location) recessed from the building line and flanked by projecting houses (mirror images) acting as end pavilions, creating an ABBBA pattern. The houses share a common sheet metal cornice and a stringcourse below the fourth story and all have decorative grilles at the basement story. Nos. 340 and 342 retain their original stoops and wood and glass double entrance doors, although only No. 340 still has its original wrought-iron door grille. The window surrounds and oriels are stone. The original windows probably had one-over-one double-hung wood framed sash. No. 342 retains the original curved glass in its oriel windows. Some houses in this group have been cleaned. The type “A” houses (Nos. 336 and 344) are mirror images, and serve as end pavilions to the row. They each have one recessed bay flush with the facades of the type “B” houses; this bay is linked by a curved transitional bay to a bay which projects to the building line. These houses have cornices which conform to the buildings’ contours, three square-headed windows each at the second through the fourth stories, and arched window openings at the basement level. They were designed with straight stoops leading to parlor story entrances in the recessed bays.

No 344: This house has an exposed brick western elevation with windows and an early grille at the parlor story level.

Historic District: Riverside Drive- West End HD

Alterations: The stoop was removed in 1928 and a squared terrace was created at the parlor-story landing of the former stoop by extending a low wall across the facade at the building line. A new basement entrance was created and given an arched lintel to match the basement windows. The house has been painted white. 1928: Alt 1626-1928 [Source: Alteration Application] Stoop removed. Architect – Simeon B. Eisendrath Owner — Schinasi Commercial Corporation History: The architect of the 1928 stoop removal, Simeon B. Eisendrath, was an important New York synagogue architect. The firm of Eisendrath & Horowitz designed Beth Elohim (in the Park Slope Historic District) and other synagogues in Brooklyn. The owner at the time of this alteration, Schinasi Commercial Corporation, was probably a company owned by Schinasi Brothers, the largest independent cigarette manufacturers in the United States. At that time, Solomon Schinasi owned the Rice Mansion located just around the corner at 170 Riverside Drive (a designated New York City Landmark).

History: Designed by Thom & Wilson, an architectural firm represented in this district by its designs for urbane light colored rows, this five-house row was built in 1895-96 for the developers John T. and J.A. Farley.

Selected References: Landmarks Preservation Commission, Isaac L. Rice Mansion Designation Report (New York, 1980), LP-1089. New York City Department of Taxes Photograph Collection, Municipal Archives and Record Collection, H 2370. New York Public Library, Photographic Views of New York City 1870’s-1970’s from the Collections of the New York Public Library (Ann Arbor, Mich., 1981), microfiche nos. 0965 B1.

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